A chemical peel is a technique used to improve and smooth the texture of the skin. It is mostly used for face. Chemical peels remove the outermost layers of the skin. To accomplish this task, the chosen peel solution induces a controlled injury to the skin and then healing processes begin to regenerate new tissue. We usually use alfa and beta hydroxyl acid such as glycolic acid and salicylic acid for chemical peeling.
Chemicals peels sting but do not cause a great deal of pain. Solutions such as glycolic or lactic acid usually feel itchy and stingy and the skin may turn slightly pink afterward, but as the skin begins to adjust, all these problems go away immediately, allowing patients to go back to work or daily activities right away. In general, most patients find this sensation to be tolerable with only mild discomfort.
TCA (Trichloroacetic acids) are used for stronger peelings. They remove wrinkles, superficial blemishes and pigment problems. Phenol is the strongest of all treatments and removes deep lines and wrinkles on the face. These type of treatments sting more than those with the gentler acids. After the treatment there may be redness, swelling and irritation but the use of creams and gels will reduce these effects. Also the doctor may prescribe medications that will help relieve the problems after the peel.