Botox is used medically for treating certain muscular conditions, and cosmetically for removing wrinkles by paralyzing muscles temporarily. First it was approved for cosmetic use in Canada and then approved for the United States in 2002. Botox is quick, safe and highly effective method to slow down the aging process, with millions of injections performed worldwide each year
It is the most popular non-surgical cosmetic procedure in the world. It is made from a neurotoxin called botulinum toxin that is produced by the bacterium Clostridium botulinum. Botulinum toxin has proven as a successful and valuable therapeutic protein. Botulinum toxin can be injected in extremely small concentrations and works by preventing signals from the nerve cells reaching muscles, therefore paralyzing the muscles.
Normally, in order for muscles to contract, nerves release a chemical messenger, acetylcholine, at the neuromuscular junction where the nerve endings meet muscle cells. Acetylcholine attaches to receptors on the muscle cells and causes the muscle cells to contract.
Botulinum toxin prevents the release of acetylcholine so preventing contraction of the muscle cells. In other words, Botox blocks signals from the nerves to the muscles. The injected muscle can no longer contract, so causes the wrinkles to relax and soften. Botox Smoothens frown lines, crow’s feet, mouth and forehead wrinkles and restores a smooth, relaxed, and rejuvenated look to the face and neck and in general prevents wrinkles and signs of aging.